1) What are the health benefits of Fish or seafood?

a.)Fishes enjoy such a high ranking as healthy foods due to it being:

  • Rich in protein
  • Low in saturated fats
  • High in Omega 3 (essential fatty acids)
  • Rich source of vitamins and minerals

Fishes provide a generous amount of protein without unnecessary saturated fats. As, we all know, protein is essential for muscle development and energy production. Fishes are therefore, highly preferred by bodybuilders, athletes and fitness lovers as a source of protein.  In addition, fishes are rich in Omega 3 fatty acids.


2) How much fish should normal adult eat?

a.) It has been stated that a normal adult should have at least two portions (140 grams each when cooked) of fish each week.

3 Which group should be cautious while choosing Sea food?

a.) Sea food comes with its risk as well and the vulnerable group i.e. pregnant ladies, lactating mothers and young children should be very careful with their choice of sea food.


3) Can I get my Omega-3s from plant sources like flax seed?

a. Omega-3s from plant sources like flax seed (called ALA), while healthy, do not have the same benefits as the omega-3s found in fish (called EPA and DHA). Fish-based omega-3s are the most powerful at improving heart and brain health.


4) Can I include seafood in my gluten-free diet?

a. Seafood is naturally gluten-free. Sometimes gluten is added to products during processing. So, choose fish or shellfish without gluten seasonings, coating or breading.


5) What is sustainable seafood?

a.)  Sustainable seafood comes from sources, whether fished or farmed, that can maintain or increase production into the long-term without jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. The following areas are monitored for sustainability: species overfishing catch methods, well-managed fishery, pollution in the environment, and the feed used.


6) What are the major pollutants in fish and should I be concerned?

a.) The risk factor arising from fishes is due to the contaminants that they harbour in their bodies. On consumption, these toxic substances enter our bodies too. Mercury occurs naturally in the environment and is also released into the air and water through industrial pollution. Mercury in fresh and marine waters is converted into methylmercury, which is easily absorbed by animals as they feed and binds to fish protein. Other contaminants in fishes or seafood are due to industrial wastes and chemicals being washed into the oceans, the number of contaminants entering the oceanic food chain has increased. Worth mentioning here are heavy metals like lead, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chlordane and even DDT. Fishes that graze on the oceanic grounds (where these contaminants settle down), are more toxic than the others.


7) What makes eating seafood a healthy choice?

Yes, seafood is very good for you.  Nutritionists have known for decades that seafood is a low-fat source of high-quality protein and that the health benefits of eating seafood make it one of the best choices for children, active adults, and the elderly.  Decades of research continue to show that eating seafood can decrease your risk of heart attack, stroke, obesity, and hypertension among many other benefits. 


8)  Are omega-3’s important to a healthy diet?


Fish omega-3 fatty acids have been proven to offer significant health benefits.  The three most important Omega 3 fatty acids are ALA (Alpha-linolenic acid), EPA (Eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (Docosahexaenoic acid). They are required by body for the development, structuring, maintenance and efficient functioning of major organs like brain, skin, heart etc.


Some of the most prominent benefits of having Omega 3 are:

  • Helps in controlling blood pressure
  • Prevents heart failure
  • Prevents heart attacks
  • Helps in weight management
  • Is a great anti-inflammatory agent
  • Helps in arthritis
  • Essential for having a great skin
  • Supports the mental development of young children
  • Enhances cognitive functions


9)  How do fish get omega-3 fatty acids?

a.) Fish and shellfish ingest and accumulate omega-3 fatty acids through the food chain from algae and phytoplankton, the primary producers of marine omega-3 fatty acids.  The human body can only produce saturated and omega-9 fatty acids which means we have to get the omega-3 fatty acids we need through our daily foods.

10) Which part of India tops in Fish eating?

a.) Consumption of fish in rural areas of Lakshadweep is over 16 times the national average with Goa at second spot. Contrary to popular belief, Kerala and West Bengal come third and fourth respectively. In rural areas of Chandigarh, there are hardly any takers.The latest Handbook on Fisheries Statistics released by the agriculture and animal husbandry ministry shows that the second highest consumption is in Kerala, but it's just about half of the Lakshadweep’s average. In Kerala, those in rural areas consume about 2.1 kg of fish a month, while in urban areas it is 1.9 kg.

One interesting part is almost all household in rural Goa eats fish while it's 893 per 1,000 households in urban areas. In Kerala 884 rural households for every 1,000 consume fish. In case of urban areas, it's little less at 817. West Bengal, which ranks fourth in the list, has also over eight out of every 10 rural and urban households consuming fish.

11)  Which are the top Fish producing States of India?

a.) Andhra Pradesh secures first position which an average production of 20.18 Lakh Tonnes. Second position is held by West Bengal with an average production of 15.80 lakh tonnes.

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